From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Not to be confused with Tanjung Kupang in Johore
|This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (March 2009)|
|Kupang lighthouse and Sail Indonesia anchorage|
|Location of the City of Kupang in East Nusa Tenggara|
|Coordinates: 10°11′S 123°35′ECoordinates: 10°11′S 123°35′E|
|Region||Lesser Sunda Islands|
|• Mayor||Dr. Daniel Adoe|
|• Total||180.27 km2 (69.6 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,858.6/km2 (4,813.8/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+62 380|
The city is located in West Timor on the island of Timor, and had a population estimated in 2010 at 335,050. It is surrounded by (but is separate from) the regency of Kupang, which had a population estimated in 2009 at 394,173. It is the biggest city and port on the island of Timor.
Kupang's economy is mainly based on its cement industry and the export and import of goods from its busy port. The airport of Kupang El Tari Airport (IATA-Code: KOE), is approximately 8 km from the city center and is situated to the east. As capital of East Nusa Tenggara, the transport and administrative links from Kupang with isolated islands are extensive.
The harbor of Kupang in the early 20th century. The house of the Resident of Timor in the early 20th century. Kupang lighthouse and Sail Indonesia anchorage. The location was an important port and trading point during the Portuguese and Dutch colonial eras. There are ruins and remnant signs of the colonial presence in the city.
The city was an important landing and refueling place for early long distance airplane flights between Europe and Australia in the early twentieth century. It was an important location during the conflict in East Timor, for the Indonesian military, as well as the militias. The camps around Kupang were also of significant impact on the city.
In 1962, the University of Nusa Cendana was established, and the city became important both in the field of education and also economically. The city is also the home of a private university called Artha Wacana Christian University.
In 1967, the city was made the seat of the Diocese of Kupang. In 1989 the diocese was elevated to become the Archdiocese of Kupang.
 William Bligh
Kupang was the final destination of William Bligh who was set adrift in an open boat during the Mutiny on the Bounty (1789). The Mutiny on the Bounty took place about 30 nautical miles (56 km) from Tofua. Lt William Bligh navigated the overcrowded 23 foot (7 m) open launch on an epic 41-day voyage first to Tofua and then to the West Timor city of Kupang equipped only with a sextant and a pocket watch— no charts or compass. He recorded the distance as 3,618 nautical miles (6710 km). He passed through the difficult Torres Strait along the way and landed on June 14. The only casualty of his voyage was a crewman named John Norton who was stoned to death by the natives of Tofua, the first island they tried to land on.
 William and Mary Bryant
News of the journey of Captain Bligh inspired the escape of a party of convicts from the penal colony at Sydney Cove, Australia. A group of nine convicts and two children, led by William Bryant, stole a small uncovered government boat and escaped from Port Jackson, Australia. Ten weeks later, they arrived at Kupang, having covered 3,254 nautical miles (6,026 km), a feat as remarkable as Blighs, given that only three members of the group had any sailing experience.
Kupang has a tropical wet and dry climate according to the Köppen climate classification. Unlike many cities outside Indonesia with this climate, average temperatures are relatively constant throughout the year, averaging around 28 degrees Celsius,the temperatures have never exceeded 42.0 °C (108.0 °F) and have never fallen below 15.9 °C (60.6 °F). Kupang experiences wet and dry seasons of equal length, with the wet season spanning from November through April, and the dry season covering the remaining six months. Kupang sees its heaviest precipitation between December and March. The city sees on average roughly 1550 mm of precipitation annually.
|[hide]Climate data for Kupang|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||26.47 |
|Precipitation mm (inches)||389 |
|Avg. rainy days||18.3||16.3||12.5||5.8||3.7||1.6||1.1||1.1||1.1||1.6||7.6||15.3||86|
Kupang is the first port of call for yachts in the annual Sail Indonesia rally which starts in Darwin, Australia towards the end of July each year. In 2006 about 100 yachts from around the world took part in the rally. From Kupang yachts head north to Alor and then stop at various ports in Indonesia over a period of about three months ending up in Singapore.
 Kupang Bay Salt Farm
With investment about Rp.500 billion ($58.5 million), PT Garam will begin building a 4,000-hectare salt farm of 500,000 tons per year in Kupang Bay, in 2012 and expected would initial produce in 2013.[6