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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|— Municipality —|
|View of the Puerta de Jerez, the traditional entrance to the old city centre.|
|Location in the province of Cádiz|
|Coordinates: 36°1′N 5°36′WCoordinates: 36°1′N 5°36′W|
|Comarca||Campo de Gibraltar|
|• Mayor||Juan Andrés Gil García (2011) (People's Party[PP])|
|• Total||419.67 km2 (162.04 sq mi)|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|• Density||42.3976/km2 (109.809/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Dialing code||(+34) 956|
During the Roman period, Tarifa was known as Julia Transducta (also known as Julia Joza, or just Transducta). Tarifa name was given after the attack of Tarif bib Malik in 710, a slave of Musa bin Nusayr, Pliny the Elder's Mellaria town probably is also Tarifa. The city was also known as the place where citizens of Zelis (near Tingis) resettled. The village of Bolonia near Tarifa was also populated in Roman times (called Baelo Claudia). Roman ruins still exist near the village today.
After the Islamic conquest of southern Spain, the city was fortified starting from the 10th century. Later Tarifa was held by the taifa of Algeciras (1031) and by that of Seville (1057), and subsequently by the Almoravids. After the latter's fall, it lived a short period under another taifa of Algeciras (1231), until becoming part of the Kingdom of Granada. In 1292 it was conquered by Sancho IV of Castile, and two years later it resisted a siege by North African Islamic troops. The town resisted another siege in 1340 from Moroccan troops, eventually leading to the Battle of Río Salado.
In 1514 it become the seat of marquisate including also Bornos, Espera and Alcalá de los Gazules. In the course of the Peninsular War, Tarifa was besieged by French troops on 20 December 1810, and again on 18 October 1811.
Tarifa is sometimes credited with being the origin of the word "tariff, since it was the first port in history to charge merchants for the use of its docks, but other sources point to the Arabic word ta'rïf, as the origin. The name "Tarifa" itself is derived from the name of the Berber warrior, Tarif ibn Malik.
 Main sights
Sunshine in Punta Paloma beach. Historical landmarks of the city include:
- the well-preserved Guzman castle, near the port, built by order of caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III (960). Annexed are the Guzmán el Bueno Tower (13th century) and the church of St. Mary, on the site of a former mosque
- remains of the medieval walls. Of three gates once existing, today only the Puerta de Jerez (13th century) has survived
- Church of St. Matthew, built in the early 16th century in Gothic style, also over a former mosque. The façade was redesigned by Torcuato Cayón de la Vega in 1774.
- The ruins of the Roman city of Baelo Claudia, located nearby.
Tarifa is a renowned place to watch migrating birds, in particular the storks which cross the Straits of Gibraltar in spring and autumn. Also whale and dolphin watching can be done on the 14 kilometer wide Straits.
Tarifa is renowned for its African film Festival, whose first edition took place in 2004.
There are regular ferry services between Tarifa and Tangier and bus services between Tarifa and Algeciras, about 20 km to the northeast, and Seville about 200 km to the north.
Tarifa features a Mediterranean climate with Oceanic influences, with warm summers and very mild winters. Rain is concentrated in winter, with the summers being largely dry. Because of its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, precipitation in the wet period is quite high; monthly averages exceed 80mm in the two wettest months, December and January. The influence of the ocean has the additional effect of creating a very small annual variation in temperature. Winters are much warmer than those of continental Spain - a phenomenon also due to its southerly location - and summers are less hot than those of other areas of southern Spain - the average daily high in the hottest month, August, is only 24°C, significantly cooler than the temperatures experienced further inland in the Guadalquivir valley, and also a little cooler than those felt further East along the Mediterranean coast in places such as Málaga and Almería.
|[hide]Climate data for Tarifa|
|Average high °C (°F)||15.3 |
|Daily mean °C (°F)||13.4 |
|Average low °C (°F)||11.4 |
|Precipitation mm (inches)||83 |
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||8||8||6||7||4||2||0||0||2||6||7||10||60|
|Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología|
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
| Bouelles |
|Location within Upper Normandy region [show]|
|Elevation||89–234 m (292–768 ft) |
(avg. 160 m or 520 ft)
|Land area1||7.99 km2 (3.08 sq mi)|
|- Density||29 /km2 (75 /sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||76130/ 76270|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
|2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Bouelles is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Haute-Normandie region in northern France.
A farming village situated in the valley of the Béthune River in the Pays de Bray, some 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Dieppe, at the junction of the D7 and the D1314 roads.
|From the year 1962 on: population without double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.|
 Places of interest
- The church of St.Martin, dating from the sixteenth century.
- The sixteenth century chateau.
- An ancient stone cross.
 See also
 External links
- Bouelles on the Quid website (French)