Known (UK) names for localised wx phenomena?
Posted 20 February 2012 - 22:40
Posted 21 February 2012 - 01:03
Brown Willy effect
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Cornwall lies in the path of prevailing mild, moist westerly or south-westerly winds that blow in from the Atlantic Ocean. As these hit land, they are slowed by the effect of friction. Because Cornwall is a relatively narrow peninsula, winds near the south coast tend to be diverted to a more northerly direction, whilst winds near the north coast tend to be diverted southwards. This leads to a convergence of winds near the central spine of the peninsula, leading to uplift and condensation of the moisture borne by them. The uplift is intensified by the altitude of the land on Bodmin Moor.
Furthermore, in the summer, the land heats more than the sea, which causes sea breezes to establish during the day, increasing convergence still further. Converging sea breeze fronts from the north and south coasts of Cornwall can lead to very rapid convection developing over the moor, which can result in very heavy showers or thunderstorms.
Once the showers have formed, they often travel in an easterly or north-easterly direction, driven by the prevailing wind. This can cause a thin line of showers to occur along the length of the south-west peninsula, all originating from the Brown Willy area. Places directly in the path of these showers can suffer a series of heavy downpours, whilst nearby locations remain dry. On March 27, 2006, a continuous line of showers stretched from Brown Willy to Burford, Oxfordshire — a distance of about 145 miles (232 km).
The effect of this process can be anything from heavy rain to forceful flash floods, like those seen at Boscastle in 2004. The rainfall falls onto the small waterbasin of the many rivers in the south-west. The water is absorbed into the ground, flows to the river and gradually fills it up; when the ground becomes saturated, i.e. it cannot hold anymore water, the water flows over the ground and is called surface runoff. When the river bursts its bank the floodplain is covered with river and rainwater causing damage, dismay and even death to towns and villages alike.
- "Weather Eye", The Times, 30 March 2006.
 See also
Posted 21 February 2012 - 01:27
The haar or sea fret on North Sea coasts: http://en.wikipedia....wiki/Haar_(fog)
London smogs (aka London Particulars or pea-soupers), now thankfully consigned to history: http://en.wikipedia....ki/Pea_soup_fog