From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search
|City of Sioux Falls|
|— City —|
|Downtown Sioux Falls, near the intersection of 10th St. and Phillips Ave.|
|Nickname(s): Best Little City in America, Queen City of the West|
|Motto: The Heart of America|
|Location in Minnehaha County and in the state of South Dakota|
|Coordinates: 43°32′11″N 96°43′54″WCoordinates: 43°32′11″N 96°43′54″W|
|• Mayor||Mike Huether|
|• City||68.9 sq mi (145.9 km2)|
|• Land||67.2 sq mi (145.9 km2)|
|• Water||1.7 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,470 ft (448 m)|
|• Density||2,306.5/sq mi (1,062.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||Central (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1267670|
As of the 2010 census, Sioux Falls had a population of 153,888. The metropolitan population of 228,261 accounts for 28% of South Dakota's total state population. Sioux Falls is the largest city in the Sioux Falls-Sioux City, SD-IA-MN-NE Designated Market Area (DMA),with a population of 1,043,450. Chartered in 1856 on the banks of the Big Sioux River, the city is situated on the prairie of the Great Plains at the junction of Interstate 90 and Interstate 29.
Main article: History of Sioux Falls, South Dakota Falls of the Big Sioux River The history of Sioux Falls revolves around the cascades of the Big Sioux River. The falls were created about 14,000 years ago during the last ice age. The lure of the falls has been a powerful influence. Ho-Chunk, Ioway, Otoe, Missouri, Omaha (and Ponca at the time), Quapaw, Kansa, Osage, Arikira, Dakota, Nakota and Cheyenne people inhabited the region previous to European descendants. Numerous burial mounds still exist on the high bluffs near the river. These people operated an agricultural society that built fortified villages on many of the same sites that were previously settled. Lakota populate urban and reservation communities in the contemporary state and many Lakota, Dakota, Nakota, and other Indigenous Americans reside in Sioux Falls today.
The first documented European visit was made by French voyagers/explorers, in the early 18th century, who mapped the area and took census counts of the Indigenous cities communities at that time (with the Blood Run population being 10,000 people, not outnumbered in population until the 19th century by Euro-American settlers, thus this area has been a thriving urban area for quite some time).
The first documented visit by an American (of European descent) was by Philander Prescott, who camped overnight at the falls in December 1832. Captain James Allen led a military expedition out of Fort Des Moines in 1844. Jacob Ferris described the Falls in his 1856 book "The States and Territories of the Great West".
Two separate groups, the Dakota Land Company of St. Paul and the Western Town Company of Dubuque, Iowa organized in 1856 to claim the land around the falls, considering a promising townsite for its beauty and water power. Each laid out 320-acre (1.3 km2) claims, but worked together for mutual protection. They built a temporary barricade of turf which they dubbed "Fort Sod," in response to hostilities threatened by native tribes. Seventeen men then spent "the first winter" in Sioux Falls. The following year the population grew to near 40.
Although conflicts in Minnehaha County between Native Americans and white settlers were few, the Dakota War of 1862 engulfed nearby southwestern Minnesota. The town was evacuated in August of that year when two local settlers were killed as a result of the conflict. The settlers and soldiers stationed here traveled to Yankton in late August 1862. The abandoned townsite was pillaged and burned.
Fort Dakota, a military reservation established in present day downtown, was established in May 1865. Many former settlers gradually returned and a new wave of settlers arrived in the following years. The population grew to 593 by 1873, and a building boom was underway in that year.The Village of Sioux Falls, consisting of 1,200 acres (4.9 km2), was incorporated in 1876 and was granted a city charter by the Dakota Territorial legislature on March 3, 1883.
The arrival of the railroads ushered in the great Dakota Boom decade of the 1880s. The population of Sioux Falls mushroomed from 2,164 in 1880 to 10,167 at the close of the decade. The growth transformed the city. A severe plague of grasshoppers and a national depression halted the boom by the early 1890s. The city grew by only 89 people from 1890 to 1900.
But prosperity eventually returned with the opening of the John Morrell meat packing plant in 1909, the establishment of an airbase and a military radio and communications training school in 1942, and the completion of the interstate highways in the early 1960s. Much of the growth in the first part of the 20th century was fueled by agriculturally based industry, such as the Morrell plant and the nearby stockyards (one of the largest in the nation).
Downtown Sioux Falls in 1908, looking west. In 1955 the city decided to consolidate the neighboring incorporated city of South Sioux Falls. At the time South Sioux Falls had a population of nearly 1,600 inhabitants, according to the 1950 census. It was third largest city in the county after Sioux Falls and Dell Rapids. By October 18, 1955 South Sioux Falls residents voted 704 in favor and 227 against to consolidate with Sioux Falls. On the same issue, Sioux Falls residents voted on November 15 by the vote 2,714 in favor and 450 against.
In 1981, to take advantage of recently relaxed state usury laws, Citibank decided to relocate its primary credit card center from New York to Sioux Falls. Some claim that this event was the primary impetus for the increased population and job growth rates that Sioux Falls has experienced over the past quarter century. Others point out that Citibank's relocation was only part of a more general transformation of the city's economy from an industrially based one to an economy centered on health care, finance and retail trade.
Sioux Falls has grown at a rapid pace since the late 1970s, with the city's population increasing from 81,000 in 1980 to 153,888 in 2010.
Downtown Sioux Falls in 2010, looking west.
Primary geographic features of Sioux Falls. Sioux Falls is located at 43°32'11" North, 96°43'54" West (43.536285, -96.731780). According to the United States Census Bureau, as of 2000, the city had a total area of 56.3 square miles (146 km2), of which 56.3 square miles (146 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water. The city is located in the extreme eastern part of South Dakota, about 15 miles (24 km) west of the Minnesota border and 8 miles (13 km) northwest of the Iowa border. Sioux Falls has been assigned the ZIP codes 57101, 57103-57110, 57117-57118, 57188-57189 and 57192-57198 and the FIPS place code 59020.
 Metropolitan Area
The Sioux Falls Metropolitan Statistical Area consists of four counties, all of which are located in South Dakota: Lincoln, McCook, Minnehaha, and Turner. The estimated population of this MSA in 2008 was 232,930, an increase of over 24% from the 2000 census. According to recent estimates, Lincoln County is the ninth-fastest growing county (by percentage) in the United States. In addition to Sioux Falls, several cities and towns included in the metropolitan area are Brandon, Dell Rapids, Tea, Harrisburg, Worthing, Beresford, Lennox, Hartford, Crooks, Baltic, Montrose, Salem, Renner, Chancellor, Colton, Canton, Humboldt, Parker, Hurley, Garretson, Sherman, Corson, and Centerville make up this Metro Area.
 Parks and recreation
The South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks' Outdoor Campus. Sioux Falls maintains a network of more than 50 parks and greenways that are spread throughout the city. Probably the best known of these is Falls Park, established around the city's namesake waterfalls on the Big Sioux River, just north of downtown. Other notable parks include Terrace Park (Terrace Park History), McKennan Park, Sherman Park, and Yankton Trail park. A popular feature of the park system is a paved 16-mile (26 km) path used for biking, jogging, and walking. The path follows the course of the Big Sioux River, forming a loop around central Sioux Falls, with a few spurs off the main bike trail. The South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks has an Outdoor Campus in Sioux Falls where it has several outdoor areas devoted to wildlife. The Outdoor Campus hosts many outdoor activities through the year as well; these activities include such things as star gazing and snowshoeing. During the winter, Great Bear Recreation Park offers skiing, snow boarding, and tubing. During the summer time Falls Park offers a free sound and light show telling the history of Sioux Falls from the people who settled around the falls to more recent history.
Due to its inland location, Sioux Falls experiences a humid continental climate (Koppen Dfa), which is characterized by hot, relatively humid summers and cold, drier winters. From mid-January to mid-July, monthly average highs range from 24 to 86 °F (-4 to 30 °C) and monthly average lows from 2 to 61 °F (-17 to 16 °C). Snowfall occurs mostly in light to moderate amounts during the winter, totaling 39.3 inches (100 cm). Precipitation, at 24.7 inches (627 mm), is concentrated in the warmer months. The sunshine amount, at 2140 hours, approximately 49% of the possible total, is considered low for the continental US. Extremes range from −42 °F (−41 °C) in 1899 to 110 °F (43 °C) as recently as 1988.
|[hide]Climate data for Sioux Falls, South Dakota|
|Record high °F (°C)||66 |
|Average high °F (°C)||25.2 |
|Average low °F (°C)||2.9 |
|Record low °F (°C)||−38 |
|Precipitation inches (mm)||.51 |
|Snowfall inches (cm)||6.9 |
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||7.0||6.9||9.0||10.6||11.2||10.3||10.1||9.4||8.0||6.8||7.9||6.1||103.3|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||6.5||6.1||5.1||1.9||0||0||0||0||0||.7||4.9||5.7||30.9|
|Source: NOAA (normals 1971−2000), Weather.com (extremes) , HKO (sun 1961−1990) |
This post has been edited by Ian Williams: 01 March 2012 - 11:02