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Περιφερειακή ενότητα / Δήμος
|— Regional unit —|
|Vathy, capital of Samos|
|Samos within the North Aegean|
|Coordinates: 37°45′N 26°50′ECoordinates: 37°45′N 26°50′E|
|• Total||477.4 km2 (184.3 sq mi)|
|• Density||71/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|Postal codes||931 xx|
In ancient times Samos was a particularly rich and powerful city-state. It is home to Pythagoreion and the Heraion of Samos, a UNESCO World Heritage Site that includes the Eupalinian aqueduct, a marvel of ancient engineering. Samos is the birthplace of the Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras, after whom the Pythagorean theorem is named, the philosopher Epicurus, and the astronomer Aristarchus of Samos, the first known individual to propose that the Earth revolves around the sun. Samian wine was well known in antiquity, and is still produced on the island.
The island was an autonomous principality from 1835 until it joined Greece in 1912.
 Geography and Climate
NASA Satellite 3D view of Samos. Psalida Beach. At the distant background Mount Kerketeas. View of Poseidonio. The area of the island is 478 km2 (184.6 sq mi) 43 km (27 mi) long and 13 km (8 mi) wide. It is separated from Anatolia, by the approximately 1 mile (1.6 km)-wide Mycale Strait. While largely mountainous, Samos has several relatively large and fertile plains.
A great portion of the island is covered with vineyards, from which muscat wine is made. The most important plains except the capital, Vathy, in the northeast, are that of Karlovasi, in the northwest, Pythagoreio, in the southeast, and Marathokampos in the southwest. The island's population is 33,814, which is the 9th most populous of the Greek islands. The Samian climate is typically Mediterranean, with mild rainy winters, and warm rainless summers.
Samos' relief is dominated by two large mountains, Ampelos and Kerkis (anc. Kerketeus). The Ampelos massif (colloquially referred to as "Karvounis") is the larger of the two and occupies the center of the island, rising to 1,095 metres (3,593 ft). Mt. Kerkis, though smaller in area is the taller of the two and its summit is the island's highest point, at 1,434 metres (4,705 ft). The mountains are a continuation of the Mycale range on the Anatolian mainland.
According to Strabo, the name Samos is from Phoenician meaning "rise by the shore."
Samos is one of the sunniest places in Europe with almost 3300 hours of sunshine annually or 74% of the time.
|[hide]Climate data for Vathy, Samos, Greece|
|Average high °C (°F)||12 |
|Average low °C (°F)||5 |
|Precipitation mm (inches)||159 |
|Avg. precipitation days||12||11||9||8||6||3||4||4||3||6||8||13||87|
This post has been edited by Ian Williams: 12 March 2012 - 15:21