Elsewhere in Europe Spain is certainly leading the way and Montoro`s 38.0C is the hottest we have seen in Europe this year
The onset of Montoro prehistory dates back to 50,000 years ago in Middle Paleolithic full. We must advance to the fifth millennium BC. C. to find human presence more or less sedentary. It is in the Late Bronze Age (1100-950 a. BC) when it starts Protohistory Montoro, as evidenced by the remains found in the Llanete of the Moors.
Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians Epora visited the former, but the Romans are the ones that give greater splendor. They arrive late third century. C. in a friendly way, as people had stayed away or as an ally of Rome in the Roman-Carthaginian litigation. A few years later Rome Montoro gives the status of "civitas foederata" and in the early years of Christianity the municipality. With the invasion of Germanic peoples the Roman Epora lost its splendor, but remained independent until the arrival of the Arabs. Lasts about five centuries of Arab domination. St. Bartholomew's Day of 1240, King Ferdinand III conquered the Holy Montoro.
From 1245 belongs to the Crown of Castile under the jurisdiction of Cordoba. In 1658 passed to the Marquis of El Carpio. Four years later Philip IV stands the villa Duchy. In 1808 Fernando VII is declared by "City Noble, Loyal and Patriotic."
The onset of Montoro prehistory dates back 50,000 years in the Mousterian, in the Middle Paleolithic, when the man called contemporary of Neanderthal lived in this area. However, some people think that about 100,000 years ago Homo erectus was walking by one of the sites of the Sierra Montoro.
In the fifth millennium BC human presence was more or less sedentary, according to the axes found in the Palomarejo.
At the end of the fourth millennium BC, the cists found in the Loma de la Higuera and hammers miners found, attest to the passage of man through the area.
From 1,100 to 950 a. C. fragments of pottery and the remains of charred coal and wheat found in the Moors Llanete witness the beginning of the Dark Ages of Montoro from Late Bronze to the presence of stable population.
During the VIII-VII centuries. C. the findings of burnished pottery, handmade in the form of bowls or plates a metallic sheen to the Llanete of the Moors and the Palomarejo testify to the existence of a small stable core protourbano with characteristics similar to those of Ategua, Carmona. . This town home Late Bronze circular or elliptical, built with mud boulders continued until the Romanization.
In the VII-VI centuries a. C. Phoenician pottery made to impose their lathe and painted with red lacquer. This period was found in the Moors Llanete an ivory comb fragment with a single row of tines. Human settlement in Montoro was maintained in the immediate aftermath of the fall of Tartessos. In Llanete of the Moors were five fragments of vessels made by the technique of core sand.
In s. III is expected to leave the Punic influence felt in the pre-Roman Montoro.
The fact that the support eporenses Scipio favored the Carthaginians relations between the two peoples and Epora signed a "foedus" or treated to the year 206. C. acquiring the status of "civitas foederata". Which in the late Republic there were only three cities in Andalusia Confederate (Gades, Malacca and Epora), highlights the importance of such rank.
These cities were losing their autonomy and became a municipality. The administrative transformation of Epora was achieved in the early years of Christianity, having being granted by Augustus as a reward for his loyalty to Caesar, his adoptive father, in dispute with Pompey.
Regarding communications Epora suffice to say that was the first mansion of the "Via Augusta" of Corduba to Castulo had a stretch through the mountains and one in the countryside. The mansions were a kind of post-house that had horses and chariots of soda.
At the time of decay of the Empire, Epora converts to Christianity at the beginning of s. IV.
Is this a dark period in the history of Montoro, and most important traces left there by the Visigoths are the inscriptions.
Stage in the Middle Ages
At first, religious tolerance and non-confiscation of the lands of the Christians who had not fled, there was coexistence between the two peoples. However, Montoro medieval history is not known until the Christian conquest in s. XII. On August 24, 1240, St. Bartholomew's Day, King Ferdinand III conquers the city. From 1245 belongs to the Crown of Castile under the jurisdiction of Cordoba.
Montoro in the Modern Age
On January 10, 1660 the Chapter Montoreños betray the people signing the waiver of transfer of jurisdiction in favor of the said Marquis. In 1662 Philip IV stands the villa duchy. In 68 when he married Catalina de Haro, Marchioness of El Carpio and Duchess of Montoro, with the Duke of Alba converge all three titles in the same family.
The legal status of the town would clearly be noble, but not to sell the King to those of Haro nothing but some land of the term, occurs when less confusion: in 1731 Catalina Mendez de Haro, granddaughter of the first Duke of Montoro, claims possession effective term. The town does not yield to his claims and asks the king their protection. It begins a long dispute between town and manor that will last more than a century that will end only when they are abolished the seigneurial rights.
Already in 1969, is declared by its wealth of art and its typical architecture, Historic preservation, currently being considered as the most picturesque city in the province of Cordoba.