Castuera is a municipality Spanish , belonging to the province of Badajoz (autonomous community of Extremadura ).
[ edit ]I
The north of the town is occupied by the waters of the reservoir Zújar together with the reservoir of La Serena are one of the largest reservoirs in Europe .
It belongs to the region of La Serena and seat of judiciary Castuera Party .
[ edit ]History
It is one of 18 villages that were part of the Real Dehesa de La Serena and was part of the Order of Alcantara .
Among the XIII century and XIV seems to have been founded by data in the book of Hunting in the party of the District of La Serena .
The origin of the name has many hypotheses but may be the most successful of the name of "Chaste" meaning virtuous place and could be founded by King Ferdinand when he wanted to conquer Benquerencia of Serena . Nearby was the sale of the Chaste, hence Castuera Castoera then.
Agundez Fernandez says comes from "Castrum", but Paredes Guillen thinks it's "Castruela" and lost a "r" for what would come of forts and fortifications there were in the hills surrounding the town.
Axes prehistoric remains of farms and mines Roman announce their age.
There was born the conqueror of Chile Pedro de Valdivia .
[ edit ]Judicial Party
The liberal reform turned into capital Castuera judicial district , the most populous province and was head of the electoral district during Stage Elizabethan and Restoration . In the War of Independence were removed to the neighboring land rights concejiles work.
In the fall of the ancien regime in the locality is constitutional municipality in the region of Extremadura , home to the judicial . In the census of 1842 had 1340 homes and 5578 residents.
[ edit ]Twentieth Century
Castuera was during the Second Republic, one of the most troubled towns of the province.
In the two years following the coup, remained under Republican control and become the capital of the province of Badajoz when they fell into the hands of Franco's army Badajoz and Merida , and Don Benito was only 10 miles from the front. The population increased considerably with the arrival of large numbers of refugees from areas occupied by Franco's forces, as well as the presence of military detachments. This administrative role ended on July 23 of 1938 with the occupation of the 112 Castuera Division of General Queipo .
From 1939 Castuera serve as a center location of a concentration camp (1939-1940). 92 huts of wood and corrugated iron housed between 6,000 and 7,000 prisoners awaiting the new authorities of their home villages should give them good references.
[ edit ]Artistic Heritage
Belonged to the Order of Alcantara in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, as can be seen on the doors of its most important monument Catholic Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalene in the Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz . Building eighteenth century within which retains an altarpiece Baroque .
It has shrines of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, such as San Juan, Our Lady of Buensuceso, San Benito and Santa Ana
Shrine of Our Lady of BuensucesoThe Museum of nougat, old flour mill, which dates the building of the early twentieth century, four floors where the original factory machinery such as mills, as well as the control engine bought in the World Expo Barcelona in 1929 the former owner and grain conveyors. This factory is a prime example of the industrialization process that took the town early last century.
It also highlights some palaces and manor houses such as Casa de La Serena, Baroque. It is worth walking through the alleys and squares, especially not to miss the tour of the traditional district of Cerrillo.
[ edit ]Politics
As the current mayor Paolo de Atalaya (PP), inaugurated on June 11, 2011 after the municipal elections of that year, with the votes of IU (2 seats) alongside those of his party, the PP (5 seats) , the municipal corporation is composed as follows:
|Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE)|
|Popular Party (PP)|
|United Left (IU)|
[ edit ]Events
- Candlemas: about bonfires is celebrated the feast, known as "La Candelaria", on 2 February. Castueranos usually meet in the fields and eat the cake typical of that day, "scold".
- San Isidro: May 15 celebrates the pilgrimage and the common people made floats, attached to San Isidro on his way to the chapel while the oaks of alrededorres spends the day with friends.
- Evening of St. John: June 23, which makes a popular festival in said town with regional dances and day 24 are feasts in honor of San Juan.
- Santiago and Santa Ana: 25 and July 26 is the fair girl, held at the fairgrounds and the festival program is varied.
- Patron: in honor of Our Lady of Good Success, September 8. They usually last the first week of September and combines them entertainment options, such as pens of heifers, and activities for children and youth in the morning, fair booths and the famous sheep salon, which occupies an important place in the show in the noon. In the evenings the booths and bullfights, and finally, late night parties.
[ edit ]Gastronomy
See also: Gastronomy in the province of BadajozThere are Castuera a product that has established fame: the nougat . The nougat is a product clearly Mediterranean closely linked to the production of honey and almond . The origin of the tradition of Castuera nougat goes back to the Muslim era. The Spanish Inventory of Traditional Products include Nougat Castuera.
They also highlight the gourmet dishes that are based on the lamb and pork products, which include the stew Extremadura and the famous gazpacho egg .
It enjoys recognition Castuera cheese, in particular, the most popular is cheese or " Serena Cake ", made from sheep's milk and has been recognized with numerous awards in food fairs.
The municipality is part of the production area of four products that stand out for their quality: Cheese , Wine, Ham and Extra Virgin Olive Oil .
Are marketed under the labels as:
- PDO " Queso de La Serena . "
- Designation of Origin "Ribera del Guadiana".
- PDO "Dehesa de Extremadura".
- Designation of Origin "Monterrubio Oil".
[ edit ]Tourism
It has roads and magnificent scenery. Zujar River Reservoir and resort offering an unparalleled range of sporting and outdoor recreation. Ideal Zújar the decline rafting and canoeing.
Of note is the museum of nougat, which illustrates all the tradition and preparation of nougat, and the daily life of the past inhabitants of the town. Through modeling of environment and recreation, interpretive graphics, audiovisual and careful selection of original material, donated by the local nougat, visitors can get to know and understand the meaning and importance of nougat in Castuera.
[ edit ]Services
[ edit ]Health
La Serena Clinic, located at Calle Yuste
- Health Center
- Clinic La Serena (private)
[ edit ]Security
- Civil Guard
- Local Police
- Civil Protection
- Red Cross
[ edit ]Education
- Pedro de Valdivia CEIP
- CEIP Joaquin Tena Artigas
- IES Castuera
- CEPA Castuera